WHO’s standard recommendations for the general public to reduce exposure to and transmission of a range of illnesses are as follows, which include hand and respiratory hygiene, and safe food practices:
- Frequently clean hands by using alcohol-based hand rub or soap and water;
- When coughing and sneezing cover mouth and nose with flexed elbow or tissue – throw tissue away immediately and wash hands;
- Avoid close contact with anyone who has fever and cough;
- If you have fever, cough and difficulty breathing seek medical care early and share previous travel history with your health care provider;
- When visiting live markets in areas currently experiencing cases of novel coronavirus, avoid direct unprotected contact with live animals and surfaces in contact with animals;
- The consumption of raw or undercooked animal products should be avoided. Raw meat, milk or animal organs should be handled with care, to avoid cross-contamination with uncooked foods, as per good food safety practices.
Protect yourself and others from getting sick
Stay healthy while travelling
INASP is an international development charity working with a global network of partners in Africa, Latin America and Asia. Their mission is to support Southern individuals and institutions to produce, share and use research and knowledge, which can transform lives.
Online learning is one of their key capacity development approaches. Their courses are tailored to the needs and context of learners in the global South. They offer a range of online learning options, from short self-study tutorials, facilitated online and blended learning experiences, to massive open online courses (MOOCs). Their MOOCs achieve more than 50% completion rates, well above normal averages.
While noval improvements in healthcare have brought enormous benefits to mankind, it is not without risks.
Adverse events due to unsafe care are one of the 10 leading causes of death and disability globally.
According to WHO statistics , 134 million adverse events occur each year due to unsafe care in hospitals in low- and middle-income countries, contributing to 2.6 million deaths annually.
15% of hospital expenses can be attributed to treating patient safety failures in OECD countries.
It is 4 out of 10 patients are harmed in the primary and ambulatory settings; up to 80% of harm in these settings are preventable.
The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that there is a one-in-3,000,000 risk of dying while traveling by airplane and in contrast, the risk of dying due to a preventable medical accident while receiving health care, is estimated to be one in 300.
In fact, as many as one in every 10 patients is harmed while receiving hospital care in high-income countries.
In Parallel Medical Research Institute has planned some activities and improve awareness by variety of programmes on 17th September 2019.
Launching of this new website is one of the major activity and we had public awareness exhibition during the whole day especially for school children at MRI premises.
Medical Research Institute – Colombo
A unique partner in making a healthy Sri Lanka, completes 119 years of service to the nation
The Medical Research Institute [MRI] of Sri Lanka is the premier center in the country for bio-medical and applied health research. MRI conducts research in diversified areas in the fields of Virology, Bacteriology, Parasitology, Rabies, Nutrition, Biochemistry, Histo-Pathology, Haematology, Immunology, Entomology, Molecular Biology, Pharmacology, Mycology, Health Informatics and Animal Studies.
The MRI was built by Mr.J.W.C. de Soysa, in commemoration of Her Majesty Queen Victoria’s Diamond Jubilee. The ceremonial opening was conducted by the Governor of Ceylon, Sir Joseph West Ridgeway, on 31st January 1900 and initially named as “The Soysa Bacteriological Institute”. Sir Marcus Fernando, a consultant physician of the General Hospital, Colombo was appointed in an acting capacity as the first head of the institute. Later Dr.Joseph Silva and Dr.S.C.Paul too acted as the director of the institute for a short period.
In 1903, Prof. Aldo Castellani, Professor of Pathology was appointed as the first Director of the MRI. Dr.Castellani had a global reputation as the discoverer of the etiology of Sleeping Sickness in 1902 in Sub- Saharan Africa. In Sri Lanka, he conducted a large number of pioneer research studies in the fields of microbiology and parasitology. As the Director of the MRI he introduced various laboratory tests for the diagnosis of bacterial, fungal and parasitic infestations for the first time in Sri Lanka. Dr.Castellani also introduced vaccination for typhoid infections. In 1909 a vaccine unit to manufacture small pox and anti-typhoid vaccines was established.